The HLH Team

HLH has been blessed with a wealth of talent both within the Company and among our Associates. We would like to take the opportunity to introduce you to these individuals. Everyone connected with this project realizes how special an opportunity this is. Hawaii is the only place within the United States that we can grow a diverse selection of tropical hardwoods. If you are already a tree owner or sponsor, you have probably spoken to an account manager and one or more of our management staff. Please take a moment to get to know who we are.

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Jeffrey Dunster, CEO

I received my academy training, my commission in the U.S. Army and my degree in Business from Norwich University in 1982. I served in the Hawaii National Guard as an officer and helicopter pilot & loved every minute of it.

I have worked in the investment industry most of my life, specializing in the area of mergers & acquisitions with my longtime friend and business partner, Darrell Fox. Over the years, we had the privilege of consulting more than two dozen companies worldwide and from many diverse industries. Our expertise in the inner workings of public companies even allowed us the privilege of heading two large shareholder actions in which we successfully removed entrenched corrupt management and restored fiscal controls back to the shareholders.

As cliché as it sounds, however, my most challenging and rewarding job has been that of a dad. I have five children who mean everything to me. As any parent can tell, the single most important thing you can do for your children is to be a good example. It is so important that we instill in them, a moral compass, one that balances personal goals with personal responsibility. Seeing the condition of our planet today saddens me. Clearly, some members of our own generation and those who came before us, lacked that type of character and have, in turn, placed a huge burden on your children and mine.

No single act will repair the environment and no government will ever be able to legislate morality by passing laws. It's simply up to each one of us to make right choices and to pass on that legacy to our children. Hawaiian Legacy Hardwoods was created to allow a new generation of socially responsible individuals an opportunity to have a tangible way of helping the process of healing the planet for themselves, their loved ones, & for generations to come.

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Darrell Fox, COO

For the last 20 years, I have worked with my partner, Jeffrey Dunster, as a consultant to companies both public and private. My special area of interest was companies with operations in the environmental and biomedical fields. One thing that the investment industry taught me is that years of education are only a tool kit that one must decide how to apply to the real world. Another is that, as the world changes, one must direct their attention to fields that will thrive under the new paradigm.

Deforestation is becoming a global calamity, but it is also the signpost to an incredible opportunity. The growing shortage of tropical hardwood lumber is driving prices at an average of 13% per year. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization expects that rate to increase. As a hard asset, lumber of all kinds will rise in value in response to inflation. This makes it a defensive strategy in troubled economic times. I see it as my responsibility to the planet and, more personally, my responsibility to my wife and children to be a part of the solution.

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Betsy Maler, Legacy Tree Program Manager

As manager for the Legacy Tree Program, I network with individuals and businesses that understand the importance of hardwoods and the reforestation mission and share in the goal of perpetuating the gift of giving back to the earth for future generations.

A professional in Hawaii’s residential, commercial, and industrial real estate community, I bring a wealth of experience to Hawaiian Legacy Hardwoods, from property management, investment sales and acquisitions to consulting and leasing.

I received my education in the field of nursing. With that knowledge, I developed a hospital management billing company resulting in increased revenue and awareness of compliance for nurses, physicians, and billers.

As a mother of two children, I believe strongly in the importance of community service and family values. My daughters and I have been involved in mission work serving to educate and assist in building living compounds and help improve conditions for orphans in many developing countries, prevailing over limited resources and language barriers. This privilege to serve has allowed me to experience the importance of helping others. My children have taken an active role in mission work, creating lasting friendships affirming our belief that when goodness is done, greatness is achieved.

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Lewis M. Rothstein,

Professor of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island

Hawaiian Legacy Hardwoods has had the good fortune to benefit from Dr. Rothstein’s insight and advice on climate, tropical weather patterns and the evolving Carbon Credit Economy. Climate change is an issue that will grow in importance as governments are forced to deal with its effects. Tropical hardwood tree farms are one of the most efficient commercially viable terrestrial sinks of carbon.



Current research interests include biogeochemical/ecological - physical interactions on climate change scales, and impacts of climate change on tropical cyclones. Other research interests include the large-scale ocean circulation (specifically the subtropical/subpolar gyres), and coupled air-sea interactions on various scales (intraseasonal, interannual and interdecadal). Dr. Lewis M. Rothstein, Professor of Oceanography at the University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography, is internationally recognized for his work in designing computer models of the fundamental processes associated with the large scale ocean general circulation and ocean ecosystems on time and space scales relevant to global and regional climate dynamics and extreme ocean and meteorological weather events, including hurricanes.

Educational Background

1983 - Ph.D., Physical Oceanography; University of Hawaii, Honolulu

1979 - M.S., Physical Oceanography; University of Hawaii, Honolulu

1975 - M.S., Ocean Engineering; University of Massachusetts, Amherst

1973 - B.S., Mechanical Engineering; University of Bridgeport

Dr. Rothstein was recognized, by the Director of the National Hurricane Center, for his “pioneering work” in the incorporation of sea surface temperature variability into coupled ocean-atmosphere models for forecasting hurricanes. This work resulted in a 30% improvement in hurricane intensity forecasts, one full category on the Saffir-Simpson scale, which is one of the single largest increases in precision in the recent history of official National Hurricane Center models.

After six years of collaborative research, federal grants of about $2 million, and exhaustive testing through several hurricane seasons, the model that was co-developed by Professor Rothstein is now an official component of the National Hurricane Prediction System used to forecast Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico tropical storms and hurricanes.

He was the lead-PI of a 5-year, five million dollar program entitled “PARADIGM: The Partnership for Advancing Interdisciplinary Global Models”. The PARADIGM consortium was a multi-institutional, multi-disciplinary effort (observers and modelers, ecologists and physicists, biogeochemists and numerical specialists) funded by the National Ocean Partnership Program committed to building and deploying new, advanced models of ecology and biogeochemistry for understanding and predicting the future states of the ocean. The models and fundamental process understanding derived from PARADIGM are now important components of most of the major climate models, including the National Center for Atmospheric Research and the Los Alamos National Laboratory climate models, among many others. It was the first of its kind for organizing a climate modeling program of, and for making significant contributions to the fields of: interdisciplinary data fusion, synthesis and validation; ocean ecosystem model development; high-resolution basin scale and regional process studies; focus sites (i.e., regional test-beds) and numerical method development (including data assimilation).

Dr. Rothstein served as the editor of the Journal of Geophysical Research, one of the premiere journals in oceanography. He was a two-term member of the U.S. Science Steering Committee for the World Ocean Circulation Experiment, was the Chairman of the numerical modeling working group for the NSF Ocean Observatories Initiative program, has served on numerous other national and international scientific committees, and has served on review panels for the National Academy of Sciences, the National Science Foundation, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. He has delivered numerous invited lectures worldwide at international meetings as well as at oceanographic and atmospheric research and educational institutions and has chaired the committees of eleven doctoral students. His research has been supported by the National Science Foundation, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the U.S. Office of Naval Research, and the private sector.

He is the Science Director of the Metcalf Institute whose mission is to promote clear and accurate reporting of scientific news and environmental issues; to strengthen understanding and working relationships between members of the scientific community and members of the news media; and to provide opportunities for beginning journalists to learn, on both a formal and an informal level, how to improve their skills in marine and environmental reporting.

Dr. Rothstein co-founded Accurate Environmental Forecasting, Inc., a company providing natural catastrophe (hurricane) modeling services to the insurance and reinsurance industry, serving as its President and Co-CEO.

He has authored or co-authored over 70 articles and book chapters on these topics and others, including: co-editing a major collection of El Nino research papers entitled "The TOGA Decade: Reviewing the Progress of El Nino Research and Prediction" that summarized our understanding of El Nino at that time; the lead author of “Modeling Ocean Ecosystems” a forward looking review of the challenges and solutions for modeling the complexity of the ocean’s ecology and biogeochemistry; and co-author of “From genes to ecosystems; The ocean's new frontier” that examined the central role of ocean microbiology and genetics for understanding fundamental ocean ecosystem processes.

Director, URI Regional Earth System Center

MISSION: To enhance overall societal wellbeing (health, financial, environmental) by utilizing the best scientific information and technology to achieve optimal policy decisions with maximum stakeholder commitment for coastal environmental management, clean energy development, freshwater and land resources protection, and human health while accelerating regional economic growth.

INTRODUCTION: Many of today’s societal challenges are complex; no one or even few disciplines can claim the breadth of expertise for seeking actionable solutions. One prime example is global change, which today is expressing itself most prominently as an anthropogenically driven global climate warming, with significant regional, state and local consequences. This particular challenge distinguishes itself in that to meet it we must find integrated regional ‘Earth System’ societal resource management solutions that seek the expertise of natural scientists, social scientists, engineers, economists and political scientists in directed teams for research, education, and outreach to both the public and private sectors.

THE CENTER: The Center will serve to integrate existing institutional strengths in coastal and inland environmental management, energy, freshwater resources, and human wellbeing. This integrated research, educational and public/private sector outreach Center will focus on local, state and regional resources. The centerpiece activity of RESC will be the development of ‘integrated assessment models’ (IAMs) that will both ‘downscale’ global observations and interpolate/extrapolate regional observations for analyzing the complexity of interactions among humans and the natural climate system to further our understanding and, ultimately, to predict the future state of our regional Earth System. RESC will begin by ‘downscaling’ existing global Earth System management tools for studying the causes of local, state and regional climate change and potential social and environmental consequences, with a focus on the regional resources identified above. RESC will ultimately need to address the full feedbacks inherent in the nonlinear Earth System by quantifying the “upscale” impacts of those regional changes on the global Earth System. Through an interacting suite of computer simulations that are informed by observations from the evolving regional climate observatory, RESC will integrate climate science, technology, economics, and social policy into forecasts that will inform solutions to pressing issues in regional climate change science, ‘green economy’ investment and climate policy.

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Andrew Callister, PhD, Eco-Asset Management

Andrew Callister has an extensive background in commercial plantation research and business development.  He is also a highly qualified research scientist with a PhD from the University of Melbourne (Australia) and a solid publication record. Some of Andrew’s key achievements include leading advanced-generation tree improvement programs for eucalyptus, teak, and sandalwood, developing innovative statistical methods to quantify competition in field trials and genetic effects on stand uniformity, planting and publishing results from the first cloned progeny trial of teak, and managing the largest control-pollinated tree seed program in Australia.

Andrew has been the principal consultant for Treehouse Consulting since 2009. He has developed expertise in improving the value of tropical plantation timbers and he has become an internationally recognized authority on the management and genetic improvement of teak.  Andrew has also cultivated an understanding of the ecological benefits of planted forests that have emerging monetary values including carbon, biodiversity, ecosystem services, and maintenance of social functions.

A passion for combining ecological values into profitable plantation enterprises culminated with Andrew’s formation of Shelterwood Forests Pty. Ltd. in 2013.  This business was established to create forests that provide environmental and social services while maximising revenues from timber and non-timber values.

Andrew combines technical competence and business acumen in his role with HLH to capitalize on the emerging opportunities in eco-asset monetization.

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Franklin Patrick Williams, Field Biologist

 Patrick has been part of the HLH forestry team since 2010.  He has a bachelor of science degree from the University of Hawaii’s College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Natural Resource Management.  Over the last six years he has worked in every aspect of the reforestation efforts of HLH.  He brought a deep knowledge of the ecology and ethnobotany of the Hawaiian forest ecosystem.  This knowledge has been instrumental in building a nursery inventory of endemic and indigenous plants and coordinating their out-planting into appropriate environmental niches.  One of his crowning achievements was the establishment of over 200 permanent test plots to monitor the growth rate of our trees.  The statistical analysis of these growth rates was the key component necessary for the Gold Standard certification of our carbon resource.  As part of the Gold Standard application he also completed alternative land use analysis to demonstrate additionality.  He has been on the front lines of land clearing, invasive removal, field preparation, nursery operations and planting.  His breadth of experience has made him our go to team leader and trainer of new hires.

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 Curtis Tate, Nursery & Lab Manager

Curtis has a degree in horticultural production from West Virginia University.  During his school years he received several awards for his work in plant production and leadership. He is developing methods to enhance germination and growth for native Hawaiian plant species. He has overall responsibility for the scheduling and timing of production schedules for koa and about 24 native plants.  The species represented in the nursery are tantamount to promoting genetic diversity in our legacy forest. His experience in nursery management has made him valuable in planning our next level of our production facilities.  He has a restricted chemical applicators license in Hawaii and Volunteers his time to the community as a Master Gardener.

One of our projects includes developing controlled spalting methods for young koa.  He has been building our saprophytic fungi collection and devising methods to test and evaluate the interactions of these species in koa.

One of the other expansion programs, on the Ecotech Nursery front, is to develop nursery capacity to provide native plant material for state-wide reforestation projects.  The State Tree Nursery has been slow to build capacity. With growing interest in the restoration of native forest;  demand is growing, but Native’s quality and diversity has not.


PO Box 22218, Honolulu, HI 96823

Hawaii: 808-595-8847

Toll-free: 877-707-TREE







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